Foods that may increase the risk of different kinds of cancer, including breast cancer, include: alcohol, added sugar, fat, red meat, and processed foods.
Studies have identified a link between regular alcohol consumption and an increased risk of breast cancer.
Breastcancer.org report that alcohol may increase estrogen levels and cause damage to DNA. They also note that women who drink three alcoholic beverages per week increase their risk of developing breast cancer by 15%.
According to estimates, the risk goes up by about 10% with each additional drink per day.
In research from 2016, mice that ate a diet that was as rich in sugar as the typical diet in the U.S. were more likely to develop mammary gland tumors similar to breast cancer in humans.
In addition, these tumors were more likely to spread, or metastasize.
Studies suggest that not all fats are bad. Although fat from processed foods appears to increase the risk of breast cancer, some plant based fats may help reduce it.
Trans fats are a type of fat that is common in processed and premade foods. Scientists have linked it with a higher risk of breast cancer. Trans fats most commonly occur in processed foods, such as fried foods, some crackers, donuts, and packaged cookies or pastries. People should limit their intake of trans fats where possible.
Some studies have found a link between red meat and an increased risk of breast cancer, especially if a person cooks the meat at high temperatures, which can trigger the release of toxins.
In addition, processed meats and cold cuts tend to be high in fat, salt, and preservatives. These may increase rather than reduce the risk of breast cancer. Overall, minimizing the processing of a food makes it more healthful.
Vitamin D from foods and sunlight exposure may help protect against breast cancer. Vitamin D is present in eggs, cold water fish, and fortified products. A person can consult a doctor to check their vitamin D levels. If these are low, the doctor may recommend a supplement.
Green tea may have several beneficial health effects. It contains antioxidants, and these may help strengthen the immune system and reduce the risk of breast cancer.
Turmeric is a yellow spice that may have anti-inflammatory properties that could limit the growth of breast cancer cells.
Maintaining a healthy body weight is beneficial for well-being in general, but it is particularly important for people who wish to prevent the development or recurrence of breast cancer. Obesity is a known risk factor for the disease.
Exercise is also important. The National Cancer Institute report that women who exercise for 4 hours per week or longer have a lower risk of breast cancer.
Following a healthful diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables and low in added sugar and trans fats may reduce the risk of breast cancer.
It can also lower the risk of obesity, a condition that increases the likelihood of a person developing breast and other cancers.
— Source: Medical News Today