In my Freedom’s Journal columns on February 24 and March 3 here in The Philadelphia Tribune, I exposed the lies about President George Washington’s supposed wooden teeth and Thomas Jefferson’s supposed innocently romantic love affair with Sally Hemings.

Washington’s teeth were actually yanked from the mouths of our enslaved ancestors and Jefferson actually raped Sally repeatedly while she was just a child.

In response to both columns, white racists went certifiably crazy (I mean crazier) and denied and yelled and screamed and hollered and insulted. They also trolled on social media. Unfortunately for them, they’re gonna need a straight-jacket after reading this.

This week’s topic is about the twelve United States presidents who enslaved Black men, women, boys, and girls. And before you crazy racists start talking nonsense about those so-called “great” patriots simply being “men of their times,” you need to know that the anti-slavery movement amongst good white folks began in the 1730s and spread throughout the Thirteen Colonies as a result of the abolitionist activities during the First Great Awakening, which was early America’s Christian revival movement. Furthermore, the anti-slavery gospel of the Second Great Awakening was all over the nation from around 1790 through the 1850s.

America is and always has been a Christian country, right? Therefore, if the Christian revivalists weren’t men (and women) of that slaveholding time, why weren’t those twelve presidents who led this Christian country?

Beyond the religious abolitionist movement, the secular abolitionist movement was in full effect in the 1830s, thanks to the likes of the great newspaper publisher William Lloyd Garrison. Presidents knew how to read, right?

By the way, John Adams, the second president (from 1797-1801) and his son John Quincy Adams, the sixth president (from 1825-1829), never enslaved anybody. And they certainly were men of their times. Maybe they knew slavery was, is, and forever will be evil and inhumane.

Here are the evil and inhumane 12 slaveholding presidents listed from bad to worse to worst:

12. Martin Van Buren, the eighth president, enslaved 1 but not during his presidency. By the way, that 1 escaped.

11. Ulysses S. Grant, the eighteenth president, enslaved 5 but not during his presidency. In office from 1869-1877, he was the last slaveholding president.

10. Andrew Johnson, the seventeenth president, enslaved 8 but not during his presidency. However, when he was Military Governor of Tennessee, he persuaded President Abraham Lincoln to remove that state from those subject to “Honest Abe’s” Emancipation Proclamation.

9. William Henry Harrison, the ninth president, enslaved 11 but not during his presidency. However, as Governor of the Indiana Territory, he petitioned Congress to make slavery legal there. Fortunately, he was unsuccessful.

8. James K. Polk, the eleventh president, enslaved 25 and held many of them during his presidency. He also stole much of Mexico from the Mexicans during the 1846-1848 war in which those Brown people were robbed of California and almost all of today’s Southwest.

7. John Tyler, the tenth president, enslaved 70 and held many of them during his presidency. He was a states’ rights bigot and a jingoist flag-waver who robbed Mexico of Texas in 1845.

6. James Monroe, the fifth president, enslaved 75 and held many of them during his presidency. He hated Blacks so much that he wanted them sent back to Africa. That’s why he supported the racist American Colonization Society, robbed West Africans of a large piece of coastal land in 1821, and created a colony that later became Liberia. The Liberian state of Monrovia is named after that racist thug.

5. James Madison, the fourth president, enslaved approximately 100-125 and did so during his presidency. He’s the very same guy who proposed the Constitution’s Three-Fifths Clause.

4. Zachary Taylor, the twelfth president, enslaved approximately 150 and held many of them during his presidency. During his run for president in 1849, he campaigned on and bragged about his wholesale slaughter of Brown people when he was a Major General in the Mexican-American War. And white folks in America elected him.

3. Andrew Jackson, the seventh president, enslaved 150-200 and held many of them during his presidency. By the way, Jackson, nicknamed “Indian Killer”- whom fake President Donald Trump describes as his all-time favorite- wasn’t just a brutal slaveholder. He was also a genocidal monster who was responsible for the slaughter of approximately 30,000-50,000 Red men, women, and children. Moreover, he signed the horrific Indian Removal Act of 1830 that robbed the indigenous people of 25 million acres of fertile land and doomed them and their descendants to reservation ghettos.

2. Thomas Jefferson, the third president, enslaved 267 and held many of them during his presidency. For more info about this child rapist, read my March 3 column

1. George Washington, the first president, enslaved 316 and held many of them during his presidency. For more info about the man whose teeth were “yanked from the heads of his slaves,” read my February 24 column.

Michael Coard, Esquire can be followed on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. His “Radio Courtroom” show can be heard on WURD96.1-FM. And his “TV Courtroom” show can be seen on PhillyCAM/Verizon/Comcast.

(11) comments


This is interesting! Being a History major, I have learned that most slave-owners thought they were being Christian lay by owning slaves. The black people were too ignorant to care for themselves (because they were black) so they needed someone to keep them. It’s quite interesting the mindset that existed around slavery. I really enjoy your articles!


Small but important correction to Zachary Taylor - white MEN elected him, women still being disenfranchised at the time.


You are correct woman had no rights during the antebellum period. Unfortunately many woman today have the same mind set. Which is Anglican men should do whatever they want.


All laws and philosophys about African and other non Anglican people was merely justification to establish economic wealth.

Barbara OH

In the case of Jackson , there is not even a hint of a "Christian defense". He not only was a slaveholder but a slave trader. That with his single minded focus on the extermination of Native Americans puts him in a class with the top demonic beings to have ever existed. His likeness on our currency, names of schools, streets and towns, perpetuates his sick legacy. Time to acknowledge what he represented and stop the whitewash.



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Dr. Johnson

There's no evidence that the teeth were yanked from slaves. There is some evidence that the teeth were paid for. But that is not conclusive. It's hard to take Coard seriously when he exaggerates so transparently.



Too often the unacceptance of a historian's research is due to whom the presentation is from; with that said; from the beginning of historian's Michael Coard Esquire; presentment of our history, he has also provided names and references. Have the names and references been shelved? Because separating them from the history as others have wanted, have destroyed the myths. Thereby legendary remembrances is not laughable; is however, contradictory; in reading about the method of securing George Washington's ability to chew/ I'm reminded of the documents lost, concerning Benjamin Franklin's contribution to the innovative ideas of dental care of that era. To the best of my knowledge, Mr. Franklin stopped after his discovery, through his own experience, that wooden teeth were not suitable. Perhaps, there are other reasons why he stopped. Consequences of political agendas brought his research to a screeching halt. Curiously, in my learning experience in the Philadelphia Public School System, too often where the history of Philadelphia is concerned, the societies of Philadelphia were not to be discussed. Conclusively in my opinion, this is probably due to coercion used in the process of obtaining members.

Tim Good

Actually, Grant only owned one slave and in 1859, emancipated him. https://www.nps.gov/ulsg/learn/historyculture/slaveryatwh.htm
What source stated that he owned five slaves?


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